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Transforming asthma pathways for thousands of people

Posted: 2nd May 2023

Thousands of people across England are benefitting from improved access to diagnostics and treatments for asthma. To mark World Asthma Day (2 May), we are celebrating the achievements of two national programmes which have worked in partnership to transform asthma pathways.

Asthma is a common health condition, affecting more than 5.4 million people in the UK. It can have a huge impact on the lives of patients due to exacerbations, medication side-effects and life-threatening asthma attacks. The NHS spends £1.1 billion on asthma annually, around 90% of which is spent on medicines.

From April 2021 to March 2023, AHSNs in England supported the adoption and spread of two innovations under the Accelerated Access Collaborative’s (AAC) Rapid Uptake Products Programme: Fractional exhaled Nitric Oxide testing and Asthma Biologics.

Fractional exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) tests are simple, non-invasive tests to measure the amount of nitric oxide in an exhaled breath – a biomarker for airway inflammation. FeNO testing can improve patient care by contributing to a faster and more effective diagnosis, alongside a clinical history and other tests, and can be used to monitor patient response to treatments.

Asthma Biologics are new treatments for patients with severe asthma. They work in a targeted way by disrupting pathways causing airways inflammation, helping to manage symptoms and reduce relapses. These therapies can transform patients’ lives by reducing long-term side effects of other treatments, such as steroids, and reduce the number of life-threatening asthma attacks.

Both innovations were selected after being identified as products that aligned with the NHS Long Term Plan’s key clinical priorities but had a lower-than-expected uptake to date.

Key impacts:

  • More than 1,200 new FeNO devices in use in primary care.
  • An estimated 53% of Primary Care Networks (PCNs) in England now have access to FeNO testing.
  • FeNO has supported the correct diagnosis of an estimated 58,000 new asthmatics faster and more accurately.
  • More than 4,690 new patients initiated onto asthma biologics.
  • Around 3,000 fewer patients are being prescribed 3g or more of prednisolone each month.

For clinicians and those delivering asthma care, significant support and training was provided across both FeNO and asthma biologics.

  • More than 5,000 hours of specialist training was delivered to upskill those providing asthma care.
  • Online resource toolkits for asthma biologics and FeNO have been accessed more than 33,000 times.
  • 722 people joined five national FeNO collaboratives to share learning and best practice while more than 1,000 health care professionals attended webinars on asthma biologics.

In our region we worked with our Integrated Care Systems to support asthma pathway improvements by providing clinical leadership, sharing best practice and developing supporting materials for those involved in asthma care. This included the creation of package of educational resources for each innovation, including information documents, learning modules and webinars. The toolkits were designed in a practical way to support teams adopting and sustaining the use of FeNO and asthma biologics. They will remain available and accessible for free to NHS staff. Between April 2021 and March 2023, we have seen the number of FeNO machines increase from 9 to 199 machines, which resulted in approximately 75,050 tests being completed, benefiting 20,944 asthma sufferers. More than 320 asthmatic patients have been referred for asthma biologics treatments.

Find out more about the programmes and access the FeNO and Asthma Biologics toolkits.